Martyrdom of Sayyida Zahra (SA)
To some it may be unclear as to whether Fatima Zahra (sa) was oppressed and hurt after the demise of her Father, Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) . The answer to this question can be clearly and completely found in the Sunni and Shia authentic history books that have recorded the events after the demise of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw). These books clearly state that Fatima Zahra (sa) had continuously complained about the tyranny of the ruler and his government in her short life time after Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) demise.
For example, when Fatimah Zahra (sa) heard the forged narration from the first Caliph, she became very angry. She knew that this forged narration, which even contradicted the verses of the Noble Qur’an was only said to prevent her from receiving her right. Sunni scholars such as Bukhari, Ahmad Hanbal, Ibn Sa’d, Ibn Kathir and others have recorded that Fatima Zahra (sa) remained angry at the first Caliph until the end of her life.
As Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) body was being buried, so were his words about Imam Ali’s (as) role and leadership in governing the Islamic Society. With eloquent speeches Prophet Muhammad (saw) introduced Imam Ali (as) as the “Imam of the pious (Mu’minin),” not as the “Imam of Muslims.” Prophet Muhammad (saw) implied that those who accepted Islam under political pressures will not come to accept the leadership of Imam Ali (as). But for those who accepted the leadership and Prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (saw), it is expected that they accept the leadership of Imam Ali (as).
Fatima Zahra (sa) would see that both Prophet Muhammad (saw) and his words have passed away. She saw that his message was being stepped on by a stampede of new thoughts and ideas. She felt that she needed to do something against this flood; otherwise everything would be forgotten, forever!
It was here that with firm faith she entered Masjid an-Nabi or Prophet Muhammad’s Mosque in Medina and said to those who had submitted to the new power and had rejected Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) orders, “We will stand firm and patient against you like a person whose body has been torn to pieces by spears and knives…”
If we take a brief look at her sermon (Fadakiyah Sermon/Khutbah Al-Fadakiyah, both Sunni and Shia scholars have narrated it) given in Masjid an-Nabi or Prophet Muhammad’s Mosque in Medina and in the public presence of Muhajirin (Immigrants) and Ansaar (Helpers), we can observe that she questions the ruler and reproaches him with sharp speeches. At this point a question may occur to the mind: can the speech of Fatima Zahra (sa) be an implication and reaction of her being hurt and angry at the oppression of the first Caliph and his helpers? This implication can also be inferred by the famous saying of Prophet Muhammad (saw) who has said: “The satisfaction and anger of Fatima causes the satisfaction and anger of Allah (SWT).” According to this narration, surely Allah (SWT) is angry with that person whom Fatima Zahra (sa) is angry at. Obviously one who has angered Allah (SWT) does not have the right to rule the Islamic Community.
That sermon had their impact as they thundered down upon the first Caliph and his followers. With her speech Fatima Zahra (sa) changed the view of the people towards the tyranny. However, after she delivered the sermon in Masjid an-Nabi or Prophet Muhammad’s Mosque in Medina, a series of sorrowful events took place, which all caused Fatima Zahra (sa) to remain in bed?
In the last days of her life when Umm Salamah (sa) asked her about her overall situation, she explicitly announced, “I am grieving the loss of the Messenger of Allah, and I am saddened by the usurping of his successor’s right.” In another occasion she declared the same expressions in further detail to the women of Medina who had came to visit her in her sickbed. She told them, “By Allah I began my day while I am disgustful of your actions in this world and angry of your husbands . Woe onto you. Why did they reject this divine position (the succession of the Messenger of Allah), as defined by Prophet Muhammad (saw)? (And why did they) usurp the right of the one who was more beneficial and aware of their worldly and hereafter affairs? What was their rancor towards Ali? By Allah (SWT) if they had helped him take the reins of government, he would control it well. If they had done so, indeed the doors of blessings of the heavens and the earth would have opened upon them.”